PHOTO: Carol Lea Spence
Sometime during the transition from middle school to high school, girls often find their early interest in science and math steered in other directions, often toward careers that fit comfortably into a box of more “traditional” women’s roles. A recent day-long workshop at the University of Kentucky sought to stem that tide by introducing 120 Kentucky middle-school girls to a challenging STEM career.
A multidisciplinary project, Expanding Your Horizons, focused on countermanding some of the possible reasons that girls’ interest in the sciences flag at a certain age, such as peer pressure or a lack of female role models. During the workshop, the young students met many female undergraduate and graduate students studying STEM disciplines at UK who introduced them to a large variety of topics, such as the ecological impact of trees, water treatment and purification, neuroscience, chemistry, electrical engineering and molecular gastronomy, just to name a few sessions that day. It was funded in part by a grant through the National Science Foundation.
“Our goal is to give them a tiny taste of the great opportunities in science, technology, engineering and mathematics. To open their eyes to some of the possibilities and introduce them to role models, young women who are just a little older than they are, to show them that those pathways are possible,” said Ellen Crocker, a postdoctoral scholar in the Department of Forestry in the College of Agriculture, Food and Environment, who was one of the event coordinators.
Susan Odom, associate professor in chemistry, and Bradford Condon, postdoctoral scholar with University of Tennessee’s Entomology and Plant Pathology and UK Plant Pathology, also were coordinators.
Women continue to be underrepresented in STEM fields, making up only 24 percent of the workforce according to a study from the U.S. Department of Commerce. A U.S. Census Bureau publication states that African-Americans and Hispanics have been consistently underrepresented in STEM employment. In 2011, only 6 percent of STEM workers were black and 7 percent were Hispanic.
Catherine Denning is pursuing her doctorate in chemistry at UK. She was excited to participate in the workshop to share her experience and enthusiasm for her chosen field.
“We do have quite a few females in our department, and it’s actually an inspiring work environment,” Denning said. “What we don’t have a lot of, though, are minority females. I definitely think a workshop like this is going to help that issue. I never really saw a lot of black females in my science classes. For us, it wasn’t really pushed as strongly. Events like these, where girls can come together and look at other women in fields of science and think, ‘I can do this too,’ are very important.”
In the opening session, Crocker told the girls and their families that 20 percent of jobs today require a degree in one of the sciences, technology, engineering or math fields. In the future, however, it is predicted that 80 percent of new jobs will require a STEM degree.
“Why are you all here?” Crocker asked the participants. “We need you. If we’re going to solve the world’s problems, if we’re going to find solutions to safe drinking water, healthy air, continue being a country that is a research powerhouse, we need the best and the brightest.”
For the better part of a Saturday, the widely diverse group of girls filled the halls of the new Don and Cathy Jacobs Science Building and immersed themselves in workshops led by UK students, who had been mentored by UK professors prior to the workshop. In one laboratory, a group of undergraduates introduced the middle-schoolers to water treatment. After contaminating water samples with substances like coffee grounds and lemon juice, the young students came up with a hypothesis on how a particular substance changes the water, then devised ways to remove the contaminant.
“The workshops are meant to be fun, hands-on and introduce them to topics they’ve never thought of before,” said Carmen Agouridis, associate extension professor in the Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering. “Hopefully, one of them will find something and say, ‘This is what I really like. This is what I’m interested in.’”
Outside, another group of students followed Amelia Baylon, Hunter Dykes, Emily Mastoroudis and Chloe Vorseth, seniors in the Natural Resources and Environmental Science degree program in the college. As they ventured onto campus, they showed their charges how to measure a tree’s diameter and, from that, determine its value in the landscape, including how much storm water it intercepts, how much energy it conserves, the amount of carbon it sequesters and what it adds to the property value.
“I was surprised to find how smart and aware some of these girls are. Some of the things they were saying about the environment hadn’t clicked for me until my sophomore year of college. The future is bright!” Mastoroudis said. “One of the girls told us that we inspired her to study the environment. That was when I understood the impact of my actions that day.”
The middle-schoolers came from all walks of life, some with a fascination for insects, some interested in the medical field, others liked to build things. For some girls, it was their first experience with a university environment. Many of them were Sherry Blosser’s students at Henderson County North Middle School. Blosser, asixth- and seventh-grade science teacher, brought 45 students to the workshop. She opened up the trip to girls who were the most academically advanced and those who might have academic or discipline issues.
“We have so many girls who might not have the opportunity,” she said. “Maybe no one in their family has ever been to college, or they might have been on a college tour, but they haven’t taken a class in a college classroom. This, to me, is an opportunity for girls who are on a pivot point in their life.”
Crocker said most girls have heard about being a doctor and some of the more well-known science careers, “but they may not have heard about being a scientist in forestry, being an agricultural scientist or an agricultural engineer. Hopefully, this will spark something in them.”
Ellen Crocker, 859-257-3040